States then develop and implement plans that ensure that the power plants in their state — either individually, together or in combination with other measures — achieve the interim CO2 emissions performance rates over the period of to and the final CO2 emission performance rates, rate-based goals or mass-based goals by Printable version of the fact sheet: EPA encourages states to conduct analyses to help states, communities and utilities understand the potential localized and community impacts of state plans.
Emission standards plan— includes source-specific requirements ensuring all affected power plants within the state meet their required emissions performance rates or state-specific rate-based or mass-based goal.
States must develop and implement plans that ensure the power plants in their state — either individually, together, or in combination with other measures — achieve the equivalent, in terms of either or rate or mass, of the interim CO2 performance rates between andand the final CO2 emission performance rates for their state by Emissions Trading One cost-effective way that states can meet their goals is emissions trading, through which affected power plants may meet their emission standards via emission rate credits for a rate-based standard or allowances for a mass-based standard.
The final rule also gives states the option to work with other states on multi-state approaches, including emissions trading, that allow their power plants to integrate their interconnected operations within their operating systems and their opportunities to address carbon pollution. The same CO2 emission performance rates were then applied to all affected sources in each state to arrive at individual statewide rate-based and mass-based goals.
From the three resulting regional coal plant rates, and the three regional natural gas power plant rates, EPA chose the most readily achievable rate for each category to arrive at equitable CO2 emission performance rates for the country that represent the best system of emission reductions.
EPA is committed to supporting states in the tracking of emissions, as well as tracking allowances and credits, to help implement multi-state trading or other approaches. State Plans The final Clean Power Plan provides guidelines for the development, submittal and implementation of state plans that establish standards of performance or other measures for affected EGUs in order to implement the interim and final CO2 emission performance rates.
A reliability safety valve to address situations where, in the wake of an unanticipated event or other extraordinary circumstances, an affected power plant must provide reliability-critical generation notwithstanding CO2 emissions constraints that would otherwise apply.
In fact, fossil fuel companies and special interest groups have worked for years to block climate action, concerned that a shift to clean energy will harm their bottom line. In determining the BSER, EPA considered the ranges of reductions that can be achieved at coal, oil and gas plants at a reasonable cost by application of each building block, taking into account how quickly and to what extent the measures encompassed by the building blocks could be used to reduce emissions.
A requirement that each state demonstrate in its final plan that it has considered reliability issues in developing its plan. Each state plan must include provisions that will allow the state to demonstrate that the plan is making progress toward meeting the goal. During the interim period states are required periodically to compare emission levels achieved by their affected power plants with emission levels projected in the state plan and report results to EPA.
A long compliance period, and phased-in reduction requirements, providing sufficient time and flexibility for the planning and investment needed to maintain system reliability. Contact Us to ask a question, provide feedback, or report a problem.
Building Block 3 - substituting increased electricity generation from new zero-emitting renewable energy sources like wind and solar for reduced generation from existing coal-fired power plants.
At best, it will be replaced by a far weaker standard. The plan must also include a backstop of federally enforceable standards on affected power plants that fully meet the emission guidelines and that would be triggered if the state measures fail to result in the affected plants achieving the required emissions reductions on schedule.
Fossil fuel-fired electric steam generating units generally, coal- and oil-fired power plants Natural gas-fired combined cycle generating units To maximize the range of choices available to states in implementing the standards and to utilities in meeting them, EPA is establishing interim and final statewide goals in three forms: Building Block 1 - reducing the carbon intensity of electricity generation by improving the heat rate of existing coal-fired power plants.
You will need Adobe Reader to view some of the files on this page. State Plan Timing States will be required to submit a final plan, or an initial submittal with an extension request, by September 6, Consistent with previous BSER determinations in d rulemakings, the agency considered the types of strategies, technologies and measures that states and utilities are already using to reduce CO2 from fossil fuel-fired power plants.
Building Block 2 -substituting increased electricity generation from lower-emitting existing natural gas plants for reduced generation from higher-emitting coal-fired power plants.
As implementation of the Clean Power Plan goes forward, the agency will conduct air quality evaluations to determine impacts that state plans may have on vulnerable communities.
Opposition Climate change deniers like former EPA administrator Scott Pruitt have long been propped up by industry money. In developing its plan, each state will have the flexibility to select the measures it prefers in order to achieve the CO2 emission performance rates for its affected plants or meet the equivalent statewide rate- or mass-based CO2 goal.
States can tailor their plans to meet their respective energy, environmental and economic needs and goals, and those of their local communities by:The Clean Power Plan (CPP) final rule requires states to submit plans that would reduce carbon dioxide (CO 2) emissions or emission rates—measured in pounds of CO 2 emissions per megawatt-hour of electricity.
U.S. Energy Information Administration | Analysis of the Impacts of the Clean Power Plan i This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S.
Department of Energy. Oct 10, · With the Clean Power Plan repealed, 12 states may not meet the emissions goals laid out by the Obama administration. Some, like West Virginia, a coal-heavy state, would miss the targets by a large margin.
Others, like Texas, are projected to just barely fall short. The Clean Power Plan also proposes that states meet interim CO2 emission performance goals, on average, over the year compliance period from 12 The state-level emissions rates as calculated by EPA foras well as the interim targets for and the final targets for and beyond, specified in the proposed Clean Power Plan.
Mass-Based Illustrative Plan Approaches (billions $) . 4 Table Forgone Climate and Air Pollutant Emission Reductions under the Proposed Repeal of the Clean Power Plan, Rate-Based and Mass-Based Illustrative Plan Approaches 5 Table The Clean Power Plan cuts significant amounts of power plant carbon pollution and the pollutants that cause the soot and smog that harm health, while advancing clean energy innovation, development and deployment, and laying the foundation for the long-term strategy needed to tackle the threat of climate change.Download